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About Trichy


TRICHIRAPPALLI - commonly pronounced as Trichy or Tiruchy is a well known town in south Tamil Nadu. It is situated in central south-eastern India, almost at the geographic centre of the state of Tamil Nadu. At present, Trichy is the fourth largest municipal corporation, the others being Chennai, Madurai, Coimbatore, Salem, Tirunelveli, Tiruppur, Erode, Vellore and Thoothukudi. Located 322 kilometres south of Chennai and 379 kilometres north of Kanyakumari, the geographical area of the city is 167.23 sq. kilometers and it is densely populated (916,674 people as of 2011). Origin of the name Trichy: Hindu mythology explains how the name Tiruchirappalli came into existence by the three-headed demon Trishira, who meditated on the Hindu god Lord Shiva near the present-day city to obtain favours from the god. Another proposal of the word is that the source of the city's name is the Sanskrit word "Trishirapuram" Trishira, meaning "three-headed", and palli or puram meaning "city".


Telugu scholar C. P. Brown has proposed that Tiruchirappalli might be a derivative of the word Chiruta-palli meaning "little town". Orientalists Henry Yule and Arthur Coke Burnell have speculated that the name may derive from a rock inscription carved in the 16th century in which Tiruchirappalli is written as Tiru-ssila-palli, meaning "holy-rock-town" in Tamil. Other scholars have suggested that the name Tiruchirappalli is a rewording of Tiru-chinna-palli, meaning "holy little town".The Madras Glossary gives the root as Tiruccinappalli or the "holy (tiru) village (palli) of the shina (Cissampelos pareira) plant".


Historically, Tiruchirappalli was commonly referred to in English as "Trichinopoly"; the shortened forms "Trichy" or "Tiruchi" are frequently used in common phraseology. The city's medieval history dates back to 3rd century BC with the reign of the Pallava king Mahendravarman I, who ruled over South India from 6th century AD to 8th Century until it wass conquered by the medieval Cholas, who ruled until the 13th century. Pandyas followed Cholas from 1216 to 1311 by the Delhi Sultanate ruled from 1216 until their defeat in 1311 by Malik Kafur, the commander of Allauddin Khilji who were believed to have plundered and ravaged the city. Then came the Delhi and Madurai Sultanates who ruled from 1311 to 1378 till middle of the 14th Century. Vijayanagar Empire slowly took over till 1530. They renovated the temples and monuments destroyed by previous Muslim rulers. In the early part of the 16th century, the Madurai Nayak kingdom became powerful. During the rule of Vishwanatha Nayak that Trichy city flourished a lot. It is said that Vishwanatha Nayak who was ruling that time, built Teppakulam and walls around Srirangam temple. After him Kumara Krishnappa Nayaka came to power and made Tiruchirappalli as his capital.